In 1827, the state of Georgia passed several acts that affected the Cherokee Nation within Georgia’s borders. Georgia extended criminal jurisdiction over crimes committed by Cherokees within the Cherokee Nation. Traditionally and legally, the Cherokee had their own criminal jurisdiction. The Georgia legislature also declared the Cherokees had no legal title to the land that the state would respect. Consequently, surveyors were dispatched with military support to begin surveying Cherokee land for development and settlement. The governor was authorized to take possession of Cherokee gold mines. All contracts made between Georgia and the Indians were voided. Georgia legislators believed the Cherokee, in light of events would leave voluntarily.