During the 1972 election, incumbent Republican President Richard Nixon won an astoundingly large margin, garnering 520 electoral votes. Despite his huge advantages during the election, President Nixon and his campaign operatives engaged in unethical and illegal activities during the campaign. The ultimate victim of Nixon’s crimes turned out to be Nixon himself, as he was forced to resign in 1974 after his misdeeds were uncovered. The unraveling of Nixon’s criminal conspiracies led to reforms for good government.
Richard M. Nixon: Thirty-Seventh President of the United States
Nickname: Red Hunter
Terms in Office: 1969-1973; 1973-1974
- Born January 9, 1913, in Yorba Linda, California
- Parents: Francis Antony and Hannah Milhous Nixon
- Died April 22, 1994, in New York, New York; age 81
- Age upon Start of First Term: 56; Age upon Conclusion of First Term: 60
- Age upon Start of Second Term: 60; Age upon Conclusion of Second Term: 61
- Religious Affiliation: Quaker
- Political Party: Republican
- Height: 5 feet 11.5 inches
- Vice President: Spiro T. Agnew (1969-1973) and Gerald R. Ford (1973-1974)
Most of Nixon’s successes came from international policy: his treaty with the Soviet Union, his negotiation to open trade with the People’s Republic of China, and his attempts to conclude the Vietnam War. In 174, a year into his second term, Nixon resigned to avoid the humiliation of impeachment after the infamous Watergate Scandal.
Constituting America first published this message from Founder & Co-Chair Janine Turner over Memorial Day Weekend, 2010, the inaugural year of our organization. We are pleased to share it with you again, as we celebrate our 6th birthday!
On this Memorial Day weekend, I think it is appropriate to truly contemplate and think about the soldiers and families who have sacrificed their lives and loved ones, and given their time and dedication to our country.
Harry S. Truman: Thirty-Third President of the United States
Nickname: The High-Tax Harry
Terms in Office: 1945-1949; 1949-1953
- Born May 8, 1884, in Lamar, Missouri
- Parents: John Anderson and Martha Ellen Young Truman
- Died December 26, 1972, in Kansas City, Missouri; age 88
- Age upon Start of First Term: 60; Age upon Conclusion of First Term: 64
- Age upon Start of Second Term: 64; Age upon Conclusion of Second Term: 68
- Religious Affiliation: Baptist
- Political Party: Democrat
- Height: 5 feet 9 inches
- Vice President: none (1945-1949) and Alben W. Barkley (1949-1953)
Harry Truman assumed the presidency in 1945 after the death of Franklin Roosevelt. As president, he oversaw the conclusion of both the European and the Pacific front in World War II. Truman won a surprise second term, during which time he worked to stabilize the American economy to prevent a second depression and organized the American invasion of Korea during the Korean War.