The three branches of the United States government are often questioned with respect to whether their exercise of powers exceeded the limitations imposed upon them by the United States Constitution. In U.S. v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. (1936), the issue was the extent of the president’s and executive branch’s power to conduct the foreign affairs of the United States. The decision has been recognized as a very influential one, establishing the president’s supremacy when it comes to foreign affairs.
The 1932 Presidential election took place during the height of the Great Depression. While a number of candidates ran on third party tickets, the main fight for the White House featured the incumbent Republican Herbert Hoover against Democrat Franklin Delano Roosevelt and none of the other candidates garnered more than 2% of the popular vote. Hoover had won the presidential election in 1928 on a pro-business platform promising continued prosperity. Nine months into Hoover’s term, on October 24, 1929, the stock market crashed, beginning the period that would become known as the Great Depression. The challenges created by the downward economic spiral consumed Hoover’s term and were a main focus of the 1932 presidential election.
The 1908 Presidential election featured the incumbent Republican President Theodore Roosevelt following through on his promise to not seek a third term and encouraging the Republicans to nominate Secretary of War William Howard Taft. While a number of third party candidates ran against Taft, the only non-Republican candidate who garnered any significant votes was the Democratic nominee, William Jennings Bryan. Bryan had been the Democratic nominee for President in 1896 and 1900, but the 1908 election was the most lopsided of his three defeats in the race for President.
Twenty-second and Twenty-fourth President of the United States
Nickname: The Veto President
Terms in Office: 1885–1889; 1893–1897
- Born March 18, 1837, in Caldwell, New Jersey
- Parents: Richard and Anne Neal Cleveland
- Died June 24, 1908, in Princeton, New Jersey; age 71
- Age upon Start of First Term: 47; Age upon Conclusion of First Term: 51
- Age upon Start of Second Term: 55; Age upon Conclusion of Second Term: 59
- Political Party: Democratic
- Religious Affiliation: Presbyterian
- Height: 5 feet 11 inches
- Vice Presidents: Thomas A. Hendricks (1885) and Adlai E. Stevenson (1893–1897)